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Ecclesiastical Material

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Chapter Summary

The reduction of biblical and classical material and an increased interest in lay affairs seems at first a reflection that the translator had little interest in ecclesiastical affairs. That the Historia was translated into Old French implies that it was created for a lay audience. Though the translator regularly deletes detailed discussion of ecclesiastical disputes, he adds a reference to the ecumenical councils at Nicaea and retains the entirety of William's discussion. Unlike the ecclesiastical audience for William's Historia, the Eracles was clearly intended for a mixed audience. It appealed to those who were descended from participants of the First Crusade, with the focus of the narrative shifted to the deeds of the participants of the First Crusade and the defence of the heritage of Christ. The translator retained enough ecclesiastical material, even adding some of his own, to make the Latin and French texts appealing to a clerical audience.

Keywords: Christ; Crusade; ecclesiastical material; Old French; William

10.1163/9789004282933_010
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