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Suárez and the Baroque Matrix of Modern Thought

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Chapter Summary

Scholars universally accept that Francisco Suárez 's metaphysical, theological, and juridical thought constitutes a source of importance for the rise and development of modern philosophy. One could even say that just such a figure as Suárez reveals the inadequacy of the interpretation of Renaissance and early modern thought as the mere gesture of breaking away from the scholastic tradition. In a work from 1959 on the fate of metaphysics from Aquinas to Heidegger, Gustav Siewerth writes that Suárez 's Disputationes metaphysicae represents the 'last work' of scholasticism, because it demonstrates the dialectic movement between metaphysics and theology, which constitutes one of the matrices of modern thought. In approaching philosophical discourse from an acquired, or already fully known, theological presupposition, one runs the risk of continually reducing what is known through historical revelation to what can be known through the internal principles of purely natural knowledge.

Keywords: baroque thought; Francisco Suárez; Heidegger; metaphysics; modern philosophy; scholasticism; theology



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