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10 The Landscape of Medieval Greece

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Chapter Summary

The dissolution of the Byzantine Empire after the Fourth Crusade of 1204 and the advent of the Latin crusaders, Venetians and Franks, had a tremendous impact on the political and physical landscape of medieval Greece. This chapter offers an overview of the architecture and urban environment of Latin-ruled towns in medieval Greece. It focuses on monuments on Crete, the Peloponnese, and the Aegean islands and surveys their general characteristics and form within their historical context. The Byzantine provinces of Greece were conquered by foreign lords who managed to establish their presence for centuries. The chapter deals with a short section on historiography followed by an analysis of the evidence in the urban centres, churches, fortifications, and the rural landscape. It concludes with an analysis of local realities and how these shaped the landscape of medieval Greece.

Keywords: Byzantine Empire; Church; Fourth Crusade; medieval Greece; rural landscape



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