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9 Chinese New Leftism Between the Leviathan of State and the Wild Horse of Liberalism in the Light of Christianity

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Chapter Summary

This article employs the metaphor “Leviathan” for the State, which has the positive function of protecting the people but also has a negative capacity to oppress the masses. The New Leftists in contemporary China claim to fight for the weaker members of society, for justice and equality, but they easily become the supporters of a Leviathan that destroys all power that may threaten the state. Liberalism in contemporary China is like a Wild Horse, which can bring many benefits to the state and its people, since it is alive and longs for liberty; but it can also easily fall into disorder and chaos, because it breaks all kinds of restrictions. The negative sides of the Leviathan and of the Wild Horse can be limited but cannot be solved by democracy and law, because human rationality cannot reach the perfection it longs for due to its innate limitations. Similarly, the negative sides of Chinese New Leftism have not only to do with the limitations of human rationality and reason, but they easily cooperate with narrow-minded nationalism, populism, violent despotism and totalitarianism. Consequently, it is important to refer to the transcendent viewpoint of Christianity, so as to avoid both absolutism and idolism. The main contribution that Christianity can give to the debate between Chinese New leftism and Liberalism is to offer a totally new value system and a new structure of knowledge.

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