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The Gnomic Aorist in Hesiod

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Chapter Summary

This article studies the use of the gnomic aorist, i.e., the aorist indicative, in omnitemporal statements, covering its origin, its synchronic semantic value in Ancient and Classical Greek, and the difference between this aorist and the present indicative in omnitemporal statements. Due to the lack of a proper form to express both omnitemporality and perfectivity, the (secondary) aorist indicative was used in Greek in cases where the speaker wanted to emphasize the (perfective) aspect of the relevant state of affairs. The existence of borderline cases is understandable if we take the so-called Prototype theory into account. The research is based on Hesiod, but most conclusions seem valid for other cases of the gnomic aorist also.

10.1163/9789004315358_006
/content/books/b9789004315358_006
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