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The Perception and Evaluation of Foreign Soldiers in the Wars of King Peter I of Cyprus: The Evidence of the Cypriot Chronicles and Its Shortcomings

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Chapter Summary

This paper discusses foreign soldiers in Cyprus under King Peter I (1359–1369). It examines their military value but also why Cypriot nobles opposed their presence. Discussion centres on the evidence of four chronicles; the anonymous Chronicle called ‘Amadi’, the Chronicle of Guillaume de Machaut, the so-called La prise d’Alixandre (on the capture of Alexandria in 1365), the Chronique des Quatres Premiers Valois and the Chronicle of Leontios Makhairas, called the Exegesis. The introduction on foreign soldiers serving in Cyprus during the Civil War of 1228–1232, based on the Estoire de la guerre qui fu entre l’ empereur Frederic et Johan d’ Ibelin, a chronicle written by Philip of Novara, a noble participant in these events, has been included. This is due to the parallels it affords with the fourteenth century. The importance of corroborative documentary evidence to balance inconsistencies and inaccuracies in the accounts of the chronicles is stressed.



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