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The Spartan Hegemony (401–399 Bc)

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Chapter Summary

During the years immediately following the surrender of Athens, Sparta can reasonably be called the hegemon of Greece. Eleians of the fifth century extended their power southwards to the Neda River. In 471 the Eleians had gathered the small cities of the region, Lepreon included, into the new city of Elis. Like the legendary synoikismos of Athens, that of Elis did not entail the destruction of Lepreon but rather a transfer of power to the new city. The Spartans, however, could not have been pleased by the growth of Eleian power on their borders. The Eleians originally planned to join their allies at Mantineia to fight the Spartans in open battle, but withdrew their forces, when their allies decided not to use the combined army to conquer Lepreon. Both before and immediately after the Eleian War Sparta contended with the problem of Lysandros and his large ambitions.

Keywords: Eleian War; Lepreon; Lysandros; Mantineia; Spartan hegemony



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