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Tumult in the North (366–355 Bc)

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Chapter Summary

In eastern Macedonia and the Chalkidike Athens renewed efforts to establish an empire divorced from its broader maritime League. During the same period Athens also dabbled in the Satraps' Revolt that convulsed the northeastern Aegean and all of Asia Minor. Timotheos' campaign inaugurated a new stage in Athenian policy in the northern Aegean, one that reverted to that of the fifth century. The Athenians exerted themselves strenuously in the Chalkidike in their efforts to seize Amphipolis and Olynthos while continuing their attempts to master all of the always precious Chersonesos. The Athenians even infringed upon the rights of the members of the League, which spawned fear among them. Here rests another major cause of the Social War. When the Social War broke out in 357, the Athenians sent Chabrias and Chares with sixty triremes to Chios.

Keywords: Athenian policy; Chalkidike; fifth century; Macedonia; northeastern Aegean; Social War; Timotheos' campaign



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