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The Triumph of Philip (339–336 Bc)

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Chapter Summary

Philip had the power to admonish the Athenians for their hapless dedication and to punish the lawless Amphissians. The Eleians thereafter claimed that they had refused to support Philip at Chaironeia because they could not bring themselves to fight against other Greeks. At the beginning of the campaigning-season of 337 Philip moved his army onto Corinth, which he apparently used as his headquarters. Philip presently promulgated a grand idea that had never graced any Common Peace. He proposed a panhellenic crusade against the Persian Empire. Here was a peace treaty designed to wage war against the author of the original covenant. He justified this proposal by stating that Macedonia and Greece alike should seek revenge for past Persian aggression. The associated ideas of revenge against the Persians and the freedom of the Greeks had similarly inspired the establishment of the Delian League.

Keywords: Chaironeia; Corinth; Greek states; Macedonia; Persian Empire; Philip



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