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The Boundaries of Aram-Damascus in the 9th-8th Centuries Bce

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Chapter Summary

This chapter reexamines the boundaries of Aram-Damascus in the second half of the 9th century and in the 8th century BCE in light of the new inscriptions published in the last decade, mainly Hazael's booty inscriptions from Samos and Eretria. The Aramean campaigns probably took place during the first five years of the reign of Shamshi-Adad V, taking advantage of the death of Shalmaneser III and the revolt in Assyria". Hazael 's booty inscriptions from Samos and Eretria indicate that Unqi/Pattina was within the empire of Hazael". Biblical sources indicate that the territories of the Gilead and the Galilee up to the valley of Ayun were within the confines of the kingdom of Israel in the time of Tiglath-pileser III. Finally, the border of the kingdom of Aram-Damascus in its final days extended from Lebo-Hamath to Ramoth-Gilead. There is no evidence that Damascus controlled the coast near Kashpuna.

Keywords: Aram-Damascus; Assyria; Hazael 's booty inscriptions; Tiglath-pileser III



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