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The Gentile Cities of Judea: Between the Hasmonean Occupation and the Roman Liberation

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Chapter Summary

The rule of the Romans in Judea, like that of the Hellenistic kingdoms, was based on cities as administrative centers populated by loyalists to Rome. Josephus reports that the Hasmonean rulers destroyed the Greek cities, while Pompey and Gabinius founded and rebuilt most of them. Hasmonean coins, indicating significant settlement at the site in the Hasmone an period as weIl. Moreover, among the coins from the Hasmonean period there are many city coins from the coastal cities, testifying to the continued flourishing of commercial centers in the city. Scythopolis was conquered by the Hasmon cans. Josephus provides general descriptions in both his works. Numerous coins have been found from the Seleucid period. Most of the coins in circulation in Judea, Egypt, and Syria in the early years of the Roman conquest were minted by various authorities that operated within the framework of the Roman Empire.

Keywords: Hasmonean occupation; Hellenistic kingdoms; Josephus; Judea; Roman liberation; Scythopolis; Seleucid period

10.1163/9789047400349_008
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