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Chapter Two

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Chapter Summary

The first part of this chapter begins with a discussion on Matthew's terminology for the Matthew's crowds. It then presents a detailed evaluation of Matthew's descriptions of, and ascriptions to, the crowds in his gospel. The second part considers these changes in more detail to ascertain the distinctive features of the Matthean portrayal of the crowds. The chapter addresses the question of Matthew's sources. Given that Matthew's reliance on Mark for the term ὄχλοϛ is determinative for his portrayal, it has not been deemed necessary to examine the history of the term prior to Mark's appropriation of it. In comparison with Mark and Luke, Matthew has produced a more consistent and unified conception of the crowds. These crowds are strikingly different from Mark's crowd. Matthew's crowds emerge, therefore, as a new literary and theological creation.

Keywords: Luke; Mark; Matthew's crowds; Matthew's sources

10.1163/9789047400974_003
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