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Chapter Eleven

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines Matthew's treatment of the crowds in Matthew chapter 13. Chapter 13 is unique amongst the five "great discourses" in Matthew insofar as it is the only one that is directed at the crowds alone. There are four explicit mentions of the crowd(s) in the thirteenth chapter of Matthew: two at the beginning and two in the middle of the discourse, where the change in auditors takes place. Jesus' speaking in parables to the crowds is regarded as a fulfilment of Psalm 78:2. The antithesis between the crowds and disciples continues in Matthew's interpretation of the parable of the Sower. That the crowds do not figure among the recipients of the Mission, Community or Final discourses provides still further confirmation that the crowds are not to be regarded as quasi-disciples of Jesus.

Keywords: Jesus; Matthew chapter 13; parables; quasi-disciples of Jesus; Sower



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