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Part V: Conclusion

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Chapter Summary

This section presents concluding remarks for the transparent crowds in the Gospel of Matthew. The crowds do indeed represent Jews who have not joined Matthew's community. Matthew represents the transparent crowds, which include the people of Israel, as being co-heritors with the church. Matthew's understanding of the crowds' place in salvation history means that he uses them for two main ends. First, Matthew uses the dual representations of the historical crowds to invite and admonish the people of Israel. They are urged both directly and obliquely to come to a true understanding of the mysteries of the Kingdom of Heaven, and to recognize Jesus as Lord. Second, Matthew uses the negative representation of the crowds to legitimate the church's status. The crowds furnish an apologia for the privileged position of the church within salvation history.

Keywords: Jesus; Jews; Matthew; people of Israel; salvation history



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