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Quod Est Comparandum: The Problem of Parallels

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Chapter Summary

The question of "parallels" to the language and formulations of the New Testament and other early Christian literature has been a key scholarly issue since the seventeenth century, when a number of linguistic and comparative studies began to appear. These works, largely the product of a new philologically oriented approach to early Christian literature, continued to proliferate during the eighteenth century and included several limited or specialized collections of parallels based on some individual authors like Polybius, Diodorus Siculus, Josephus, and Philo. Best known among these was that of Johann Jacob Wettstein. Wettstein's collection originated out of the burgeoning work of the period on textual criticism. In order to understand fully how a Paul might have appropriated these semantic and social conventions, one must continue to examine closely the parallels in their contexts.

Keywords: Christian; Diodorus Siculus; Jew; Johann Jacob Wettstein; Josephus; Paul; Philo; Polybius

10.1163/9789047402190_003
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