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Theological Currents in Pentateuchal Literature

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Chapter Summary

In Pentateuchal literature presents two schools of crystallized theological thought: that represented in the priestly strand (P) and that reflected in the Book of Deuteronomy (D). The two schools differ from each other in their religious conception, their mental climate and their mode of expression. Scholars of the Graf-Wellhausen School endeavored to explain these differences in historical terms. The Book of Deuteronomy, on the other hand, having received its fixed form during the Josianic period, reflects a religion deeply rooted in the life of a people settled on its land and leading a natural, agricultural, and political existence. Sinaitic Revelation presents another problem that accentuates the differing viewpoints of the sources under consideration. Jeremiah and Ezekiel constructed their spiritual worlds on the basis of D and P, Jeremiah on Deuteronomy and Ezekiel upon Leviticus. This fact demonstrates the existence of two theological currents.

Keywords: Book of Deuteronomy; Ezekiel; Graf-Wellhausen School; Jeremiah; Pentateuchal literature; priestly strand (P); theological currents



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