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And the Flesh Became Words

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Chapter Summary

The center stage, in this chapter, is the exit of Judas and not the exit of Jesus. The effort is to explore every possible connection between the Farewell Discourses and the literary symposium tradition. Effort is made to move beyond sympotic undertones in John's Last Supper. The concepts of life and light that dominated the first twelve chapters of the Gospel do not entirely disappear, but take a secondary place behind the emphasis on love and friendship. Enmity and friendship are common companions in ancient presentations of friendship. The Johannine depiction of Judas may differ from that of the Synoptic Gospels, but it resembles the portrayal of similar figures in contemporary literature. In symposia, a meal is followed by the deipnon; and then the symposium begins. The chapter investigates two ancient writers of symposia, Plutarch and Athenaeus, to establish a relationship between form and function.

Keywords: Athenaeus; Farewell Discourses; Gospel; Jesus; Johannine; John's Last Supper; Judas; Plutarch

10.1163/9789047407010_005
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