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Salvation of the Reconciled (With a Note on the Background of Paul’s Metaphor of Reconciliation)

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Chapter Summary

Before turning to the precise function of the metaphor of reconciliation in 2 Cor 5:18-20, it is advisable to have a good look at the lexical meaning and the use of the noun "reconciliation" and the verb "to reconcile", in Greek respectively δι, or καταλλαγή κτλ. and δι, or καταλλάσσειυ κτλ. To appreciate Paul's use of the metaphor of reconciliation, it is necessary to know exactly what is meant by the word. Reconciliation can also be seen as the result of peace negotiations, part of the truce that is agreed upon, as is aptly illustrated by Diodor. There can be little doubt that Paul depicts his role as apostle to the Corinthians metaphorically in the language of the Hellenistic and Roman polis-diplomacy. Since the reconciliation by God has already been received (verse 11), the future salvation is certain.

Keywords: God; Hellenistic Greek; Paul's metaphor; reconciliation; Roman polis-diplomacy; salvation



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