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Joshua 8: 1-29 MT -4Qjoshuaa-LXX

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Chapter Summary

The ancient textual witnesses of Joshua 8, i. e. Septuagint (LXX) and 4QJoshua, do not help us to recover the process of the literary formation of the Hebrew text in a direct manner. When the redaction history of the Hebrew text of the passage is examined on its own terms, independently from the textual data, it becomes evident that the longer version of the passage as attested by MT must have been the basis for the condensed Greek reformulation. Joshua 8: 1-29 describes the second attack on the city of Ai, after a first unsuccessful attempt. After Joshua's intercessory plea to Yhwh, the interpretation of the failure in terms of Israel's offence against the law of the ḥerem and its expiation, Yhwh assures Joshua of his assistance and the defeat of Ai, and advises Joshua to use the device of an ambush behind the city.

Keywords: Greek reformulation; Israel; Joshua; Septuagint (LXX)



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