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The Temple in Philo and Qumran

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Chapter Summary

The texts of Philo and those from Qumran have the advantage of being relatively more secure historical sources than the Gospel of John in several ways. One major methodological problem with a comparison between the Gospel of John and these other writings, apart from the differences of genre, is the fact that they did not originate at exactly the same period of time and do not describe the same historical events. Heinemann's way of arguing about the relationship of Judaism and Hellenistic ideas and practices demonstrates the belief in a sharp distinction between Palestinian Judaism, as reflected in rabbinical writings, and Hellenistic Judaism, as reflected in Philo. The Jerusalem temple is even said to be the perfect image of the ideal temple and for that reason must have a unique place above all other temples in the world and naturally among Jews.

Keywords: Gospel; Hellenistic philosophical literature; Jerusalem temple; Judaism; Philo; Qumran community



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