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Social Relationships in Philo and Qumran

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Chapter Summary

There are several statements in the writings of Philo that may be used to describe his social attitudes towards 'others' and that may demonstrate similar attitudes among other Alexandrian Jews. This chapter argues that Philo's descriptions are valuable in an evaluation of his social tension in comparison with the situation of the Johannine community. It focuses on what Philo writes about named groups such as Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans and develops a characterisation of his attitudes and social tensions on that basis. The author compares his attitude with the attitudes found in the Gospel of John. The author describes the aspects of presented social relationships to 'others' in the Qumran community by briefly analysing the use of some notions found in its writings concerning attitudes towards 'others' like Gentiles, other nations, proselytes and foreigners as well as attitudes reflected in internal designations and rules.

Keywords: Alexandrian Jews; Gospel of John; Johannine community; Philo; Qumran community; social relationships



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