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2 Theories of Religion in Contemporary China (中国当代宗教 理论)

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Chapter Summary

In mainland Chinese academia, there have been many discussions regarding the significance and role of religion. This chapter examines three aspects of these discussions, namely, the "nature of religion", the "idea of God", and the "social existence of religion". In this way, it summarizes and analyzes theories of religion in contemporary China. The chapter presents the Marxist discourse on the nature of religion and expounds upon the understanding of religious ideas, behaviors, organizations, and institutions, as well as the cultural significance included in religions. It discusses the comparison between various ideas of God or deity and investigates the characteristics of religious thinking reflected by these ideas of deity. The chapter discusses the complex interconnection existing between religion and human society, the social significance and role of religion, and the sociocultural structure and relation of religion.

Keywords: China; God; Marxism; religion



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