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International Criminal Tribunals: Distinctions and Main Features

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Chapter Summary

The creation of International Criminal Tribunals (ICTs) promote the cross-fertilization of international criminal law (ICL) jurisprudence, enriching ICL (both procedurally and substantive) as a growing discipline. At the same time, however, one should bear in mind that the proliferation of ICTs could, in its effect, also result in some adverse consequences for a spontaneous development of ICL. In particular, regional and ad hoc ICTs in specific regions of post-conflict, such as the United Nations (UN) Special Court for Sierra Leone, have resulted in several convictions of the "most responsible" individuals, such as Charles Taylor. Noticeably, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) has contributed to the development of national war crimes chambers in the former Yugoslavia, while the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) has contributed to the criminal justice system in Rwanda, so that several ICTR-cases could be transferred to Rwanda for trial.

Keywords: Charles Taylor; ICTY; international criminal law (ICL); International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR); International Criminal Tribunals (ICTs); war crimes



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