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NORWAY AND THE JESUIT ORDER: A HISTORY OF ANTI-CATHOLICISM

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Chapter Summary

In 1956 the Norwegian Parliament removed from the constitution the last remnant of an anti-liberal and anti-democratic tradition, inherited from the Reformation and the confessional state of the 17th century. In 1814 Norway had received its own constitution (here abbreviated Grl), which contained a ban on the Jesuit order: Jesuits would not be tolerated in the country (paragraph 2). Twice – in 1895 and 1925 – the Government made a move to abolish the paragraph, but did not succeed. The liberal and social democratic representatives in the Parliament considered the paragraph to be in conflict with freedom of religion. The political authorities, however, could not ignore the anti-Catholic sentiments in the population, especially among the clergy and the practising members of the Lutheran state church. After World War II, when Norway signed the European Declaration of Human Rights, the paragraph had to be repealed.

10.1163/9789401209632_014
/content/books/b9789401209632s014
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