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Chapter Two. The Indirect Sources

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Chapter Summary

Olivier Masson's categorical statement presented in this chapter is absolutely true. There are very few Carian glosses, and the possibilities of connecting them both to the direct documentation of the Carian language and to the common Anatolian lexicon are very limited or simply non-existent. The chapter examines this modest corpus. The first problem that must be addressed is the distinction between true Carian glosses and merely fictitious forms. An approach to these glosses has been to question their validity by taking into account that some of the place names glossed by Stephan of Byzantium allow an analysis based on Anatolian onomastics, which is clearly at odds with the etymological explanation of the Greek source. Before the decipherment of Carian writing, the only source of reliable information on the Carian language was the onomastic corpus, essentially person and place names transmitted by indirect sources, particularly Greek ones.

Keywords: Anatolian lexicon; Anatolian onomastics; Carian glosses; Carian language; Greek source; indirect sources

10.1163/ej.9789004152816.i-526.7
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