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Chapter Eight. Morphological Features

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Chapter Summary

This chapter summarizes the morphological traits that can be obtained from an analysis of the inscriptions, and interprets them from a historical and comparative perspective. The resultant picture remains exasperatingly incomplete, and in many cases will be based on extremely fragile evidence. It is however sufficient to demonstrate the clear relationship between Carian and Indo-European Anatolian languages and, more specifically, Luwic dialects. The knowledge of nominal inflection is based mainly on the information given by the personal names, to which one can also add some common nouns. The current inventory of pronominal forms is too incomplete and their interpretations too ambiguous for even a minimally coherent paradigm to be traced. The difficulties of identifying verbal forms were outlined in the analysis of the Carian inscriptions. Finally, the results of the search for verbal forms in Carian are currently very uncertain.

Keywords: Carian inscriptions; Indo-European Anatolian languages; Luwic dialects; morphological traits; nominal inflection; pronominal forms; verbal forms



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