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Chapter Two. The United States: Political And Security Relations

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Chapter Summary

The San Francisco Peace Treaty went into force on 28 April 1952. That was the first major landmark of postwar foreign policy. Japan terminated nearly seven years of occupation and came back to the international community as a full-fledged sovereign power. The relationship with the United States entered into a new stage as well. America was no longer the imposing occupying force but became a kind of 'big brother'. In this 'big brother-vs-little brother' relationship, security related issues between the two countries became the primary agenda during the 1950's. The purpose of National Defence is to prevent in advance direct and indirect aggression, to remove it if it takes place, and thus to protect the peace and independence of Japan, which is basing its course on Democracy. Okinawa is a group of islands located to the south of Japan.

Keywords: America; National Defence; Okinawa; relationship; San Francisco Peace Treaty; United States



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