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Evolution of Ci Poetry of the dynasties of Tang and Song in the perspective of dissociation and integration of Shi and Ci

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image of Frontiers of Literary Studies in China

The development of Chinese literary genres is largely a history of dissociation and integration. Ci and Shi are closely associated at all times, separated at one time, and fused with each other at others. A brief survey of dissociation and integration of Ci and Shi falls into four periods: 1) starting from the early to the mid-late Tang Dynasty (Tang Chao 唐朝 CE 618–907), when Ci was derived from Shi and no distinction existed between the two; 2) the late Tang Dynasty and the following Five Dynasties (Wu Dai 五代 CE 907–960), during which Ci was separated and known from shi; 3) the Northern Song Dynasty (Bei Song 北宋 CE 960–1127), when Ci developed and experienced a transform and took an initial inosculation into shi; and 4) the Southern Song Dynasty (Nan Song 南宋 CE 1127–1279), when Ci was shifted completely to Shi (poetry) and the two were thoroughly merged.


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