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La Fundierung selon Gian-Carlo Rota. Une option dynamique pour la phénoménologie (THE FUNDIERUNG BY GIAN-CARLO ROTA. A DYNAMIC OPTION FOR THE PHENOMENOLOGY) (LA FUNDIERUNG SECONDO GIAN-CARLO ROTA. UN’OPZIONE DINAMICA PER LA FENOMENOLOGIA)

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Le concept de Fundierung est introduit dans la IIIe Recherche Logique de Husserl et, malgré sa fonctionnalité apparente, il n’est pratiquement plus utilisé dans la suite de son oeuvre. En revanche, ce concept manifeste une puissance latente que le travail de Gian-Carlo Rota permet d’exalter. Entre les mains du mathématicienphilosophe, la Fundierung devient l’un des piliers fondamentaux d’une logique phénoménologique encore in fieri. Une logique qui voudrait prendre ses distances tant avec la « logique philosophique » traditionnelle qu’avec la « logique mathématique » qui s’est désormais imposée en tant que standard de la rigueur et fascine souvent les philosophes. Cet article se propose de décrire comment l’interprétation de Rota enrichit le concept originel de Husserl et de quelle manière sa démarche ouvre la possibilité d’une évolution.The concept of Fundierung introduced by Husserl in his III Logic Research, notwithstanding its seemingly logical functionality, very rarely appears in his subsequent works. Yet this concept shows a latent power that Gian-Carlo Rota’s work succeeds in exalting. In the hands of the mathematician-philosopher, Fundierung becomes one of the fundamental pillars of a phenomenological logic still in embryo, a logic the aim of which is to distance itself from both the traditional ‘philosophical logic’ and the ‘mathematical logic’, the latter having by now become a standard of rigour by which the philosophers are often bewitched. This paper aims to describe how Rota’s interpretation has enhanced Husserl’s original concept and how this can foster a likely great evolution in the future. Il concetto di Fundierung appare nella IIIe Ricerca Logica di Husserl e, malgrado l’apparente funzionalità logica, appare molto raramente nel seguito della sua opera. Tuttavia tale concetto manifesta una potenza latente che il lavoro di Gian-Carlo Rota riesce ad esaltare. Nelle mani del matematico-filosofo, la Fundierung diventa uno dei pilastri fondamentali di una logica fenomenologica ancora in fieri. Una logica che vorrebbe distanziarsi tanto dalla “logica filosofica” tradizionale quanto dalla “logica matematica” che ormai si è imposta come standard di rigore e di cui i filosofi subiscono spesso la fascinazione. Questo articolo si propone di descrivere quanto l’interpretazione di Rota arricchisca l’originale concetto husserliano e in che modo ciò permetta una grande possibilità di evoluzione.This article is in French.

* Albino Attilio Lanciani, né en 1961, a soutenu deux thèses, l’une à l’Ens-LSH de Lyon et l’autre à l’Université Libre de Bruxelles. Il s’occupe principalement de théorie de la connaissance tant du point de vue scientifique qu’artistique. Parmi ses dernières publications, figurent Analyse phénoménologique du concept de probabilité, Paris, Hermann, 2012 et Idee per una filosofia della matematica (avec Marco Rigoli), Esculapio, Bologne, 2015. Adresse : Via XI Febbraio, 13 ; 26100 Cremona, Italie (proton@fastpiu.it et aal@metispresses.ch).
10.1007/s11873-000-0000-09
/content/journals/10.1007/s11873-000-0000-09
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1. Husserl Edmund 2002 5 Recherches Logiques Paris PUF coll. « Épiméthée »
2. Husserl E. 2009 2 Logique formelle et logique transcendantale [tr. fr. Suzanne Bachelard] Paris PUF coll. « Épiméthée »
3. Lanciani Albino, A. 2012 Analyse phénoménologique du concept de probabilité Paris Hermann
4. Leśniewski Stanisław 1989 Sur les fondements de la mathématique, Fragments (Discussions préalables, méréologie, ontologie) préface de Denis Miéville [tr. fr. Georges Kalinowski] Paris Hermès
5. Merleau-Ponty Maurice 1984"« Le philosophe et son ombre »" Signes Paris NRF Gallimard
6. Palombi Fabrizio 2003 La stella e l’intero. La ricerca di Gian-Carlo Rota tra matematica e fenomenologia Turin Bollati-Boringhieri
7. Pólya George 1990"Mathematics and Plausible Reasoning"Vol vol. I Induction and Analogy in Mathematics Princeton Princeton University Press
8. Rota Gian-Carlo 2005a"« Fundierung »" Phénoménologie discrète Écrits sur les mathématiques, la science et le langage Beauvais Mémoires des Annales de Phénoménologie.
9. Rota G-C. 2005b"« L’influence néfaste de la mathématique sur la philosophie »" Phénoménologie discrète Écrits sur les mathématiques, la science et le langage Beauvais Mémoires des Annales de Phénoménologie.
10. Simons Peter 2000 Parts. A Study in Ontology Oxford Oxford University Press [Crossref]
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/content/journals/10.1007/s11873-000-0000-09
2017-01-09
2018-06-24

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