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ECOLOGICAL STUDIES ON THE VEGETATION OF THE UPPER GALILEE, ISRAEL. II. FACTORS DETERMINING THE ABSENCE OF BATHA AND GARIGUE COMPONENTS ON MIDDLE EOCENIAN STRATA

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The absence of Sarcopoterium spinosum on the kaolinitic terra rossa derived from calcareous rocks of the Middle Eocenian Bar Kokhba Formation is probably due to an interaction between deficiencies of water supply and carbonates. The amount of available water in the kaolinitic terra rossa is nearly half that of the other soil types. No germination and seedling establishment of Sarcopoterium spinosum took place on this soil type, and no seedlings survived after being planted. Some plants of a few years old did survive the summer after being planted, but they did not produce the normal spring dolichoblasts. Sarcopoterium plants sown in pots with kaolinitic terra rossa and irrigated with distilled water degenerated after about a month and died. They fully recovered when irrigated with CaCl2 solution. The amount of water added to the kaolinitic terra rossa pots to maintain them at constant weight was higher than that added to the controls.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Botany, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

10.1080/0021213X.1974.10676841
/content/journals/10.1080/0021213x.1974.10676841
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1. Dan J."The effect of relief on soil formation and distribution in Israel."The Volcani Institute of Agricultural Research, Pamphlet1965Vol 100362(in Hebrew)
2. Jackson M.L."Clay transformations in soil genesis during the Quaternary."Soil Sci.1965Vol 991522
3. Koyumdjisky H."Nutrient availability as related to genetic characteristics of Israel soils. Report, September 1968. Bet Dagan, Israel."1968
4. Koyumdjisky H., Yaalon D.H., Dan J."Red and reddish-brown terra rossa soils in Israel. Trans. Conf. Mediterr. Soils. Madrid:"1966195201
5. Litav M."Studies on the phytosociology and ecology of the batha communities in the Judean Hills. Ph.D. thesis, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem (in Hebrew)."1961
6. Litav M."Microenvironmental factors and species interrelationships in three batha associations in the foothill region of the Judean Hills."Isr. J. Bot.1967Vol 167999
7. Litav M., Kupernik G., Orshan G."The role of competition as a factor in determining the distribution of dwarf shrub communities in the Mediterranean territory of Israel."J. Ecol.1963Vol 51467480
8. Orshan G.,"Blackwell Scientific Publications"The Water Relations of Plants. Rutter A.J., Whitehead F.H.1963206222Seasonal dimorphism of desert and Mediterranean chamaephytes and its significance as a factor in their water economy. In
9. Rabinovich-vin A., Orshan G."Ecological studies in the vegetation of the Upper Galilee, Israel."I. A vegetation map of the Bar'am-Malkiyya area. Isr. J. Bot.1974Vol 232037
10. Zohary M."Geobotany. Sifriat Hapoalim, Merhavia (in Hebrew)."1959
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/content/journals/10.1080/0021213x.1974.10676841
1974-05-13
2018-06-21

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