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image of Israel Journal of Plant Sciences

Osmotic seed treatment is an effective physiological method for improving seed performance, and is of particular significance in increasing the agricultural productivity of a number of crop plants. The various requirements necessary for the successful osmo-conditioning of different species are discussed, as are the biochemical changes associated with it.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Seed and Vegetable Sciences, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Cornell University


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1. Borkowska B., Singha S., Khan A.A."Changes in ABA content of lettuce seeds by osmotic, fusicoccin and other treatments. Plant Physiol. 61: S-94."1978
2. Braun J.W., Khan A.A."Alleviation of salinity and high temperature stress by plant growth substances permeated into lettuce seeds via acetone."J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci.1976Vol 101716721
3. Coolbear P., Grierson D."Studies on the changes in the major nucleic acid components of tomato seeds (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) resulting from osmotic presowing treatment."J. Exp. Bot.1979Vol 3011531162
4. Hadas A."A simple laboratory approach to test and estimate seed germination performance under field conditions."Agron. J.1977Vol 69582588
5. Heydecker W., Coolbear P."Seed treatments for improved performancesurvey and attempted prognosis."Seed Sci. Technol.1977Vol 5353425
6. Heydecker W., Higgins J., Turner Y.T."Invigoration of seeds?."Seed Sci. Technol.1975Vol 3881888
7. Khan A.A."Incorporation of bioactive chemicals into seeds to alleviate environmental stress."Acta Hort.1977aVol 83225234
8. Khan A.A.,"Preconditioning, germination and performance of seeds."The Physiology and Biochemistry of Seed Dormancy and Germination. Khan A.A.Elsevier1977b283316/North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam
9. Khan A.A."Photo- and hormonal-control of osmotic process(es) affecting lettuce seed germination. Plant Physiol. 61: S-33."1978
10. Khan A.A."Hormonal regulation of primary and secondary dormancy."Isr. J. Bot.1980/81Vol 29207224
11. Khan A.A., Karssen C.M."Induction of secondary dormancy in Chenopodium bonus-henricus L. seeds by osmotic and high temperature treatments and its prevention by light and growth regulators"Plant Physiol.1980Vol 66175181
12. Khan A.A., Karssen C.M., Leue E.F., Roe C.H.,"Preconditioning of seeds to improve performance."Plant Regulation and World Agriculture. Scott T.K.PlenumNew York1979395413
13. Khan A.A., Tao K.L., Knypl J.S., Borkowska B., Powell L.E."Osmotic conditioning of seeds: physiological and biochemical changes."Acta Hort.1978Vol 83267278
14. Koehler D.E."Studies on a treatment hastening germination of tomato seeds. M.S. thesis, Purdue University."1967
15. Samimy C., Khan A.A."Induction of secondary dormancy in Rumex crispus L. seeds and its removal by kinetin, ethephon and gibberellic acid. Plant Physiol. 65: S47."1980
16. Tao K.L., Khan A.A."Differential effects of actinomycin D and cordycepin in lettuce seed germination and RNA synthesis."Plant Physiol.1976Vol 58769772

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