Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

THE PRESENT STATUS OF HYDROGEN RECYCLING IN LEGUMES

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Israel Journal of Plant Sciences

A brief discussion is presented of recent information concerning (a) factors influencing extent of N2, loss during N2 fixation by legumes; (b) electron carriers involved in the oxyhydrogen reaction of Rhizobium japonicum bacteroids; and (c) progress made in evaluating H2 recycling advantages. A major factor determining whether H2 is evolved from legume nodules is the presence of an active uptake hydrogenase which participates in the oxidation of H2 that is evolved as a by-product of the nitrogenase reaction. The extent of H2 evolution from the nitrogenase reaction is affected by those factors that influence the nitrogenase turnover rate. These include the supply of ATP and reductant and the ratio of the Fe protein to the MoFe protein component of nitrogenase. Oxidation of H2 in Rhizobium bacteroids is catalyzed by a series of enzymes located in bacteroid membranes. In addition to the hydrogenase per se, carriers so far shown to be involved in the process include cytochromes of the b and c types and possibly an ubiquinone. Evidence indicating that H2 recycling within N2-fixing organisms leads to physiological benefits that could result in potential increases in legume yields is summarized. Comparisons of Hup* and Hup wild-type single strains, groups of Hup+ and Hup+ strains and non-revertible Hup mutants with a Hup+ parent strain as inocula for legumes indicate that the Hup+ characteristic contributes to increased N2 fixation by legumes. We conclude, however, that the most critical evaluation of the direct benefit from H2 recycling to legumes will be derived from experiments in which a Hup+ parent strain, Hup revertible mutants and Hup+ revertant strains derived from the Hup mutants are compared as legume inoculants. R. japonicum strains of these types have been developed. The plasmid profiles in wild-type Hup+ and Hup strains as well as in Hup mutants and parent strain have been investigated.

Affiliations: 1: Laboratory for Nitrogen Fixation Research, Oregon State University

10.1080/0021213X.1982.10676931
/content/journals/10.1080/0021213x.1982.10676931
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1080/0021213x.1982.10676931
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Adams M.W.W., Mortenson L.E., Chen J.S."Hydrogenase."Biochim. Biophys. Acta1981Vol 594105176
2. Albrecht S.L., Maier R.J., Hanus F.J., Russell S.A., Emerich D.W., Evans H.J."Hydrogenase in R. japonicum increases nitrogen fixation by nodulated soybeans"Science1979Vol 20312551257
3. Appleby C.A."Electron transport systems of Rhizobium japonicum I."Haemoprotein P-450, other CO-reactive pigments, cytochromes and oxidases in bacteroids from N2-fixing root nodules. Biochim. Biophys. Acta1969Vol 1727187
4. Arp DJ., Burris R.H."Purification and properties of the particulate hydrogenase from the bacteroids of soybean root nodules."Biochim. Biophys. Acta1979Vol 570221230
5. Bethlenfalvay G.J., Phillips D.A."Effect of light intensity on efficiency of carbon dioxide and nitrogen reduction in Pisum sativum"Plant Physiol.1977Vol 60868871
6. Bethlenfalvay G.J., Phillips D.A."Variation in nitrogenase and hydrogenase activity of pea root nodules."Plant Physiol.1979Vol 63816820
7. Bhme H., Reimer S., Trebst A."The effect of dibromothymoquinone, an antagonist of plastoquinone on non-cyclic and cyclic electron flowsystems in isolated chloroplasts."Z. Naturforsch., B1971Vol 26341352
8. Bongers L."Energy generation and utilization in hydrogen bacteria."J. Bacteriol.1970Vol 104145151
9. Bothe H., Distler E., Eisbrenner G."Hydrogen metabolism in blue-green algae."Biochimie1978Vol 60277289
10. Bothe H., Eisbrenner G.,"Aspects of hydrogen metabolism in blue-green algae"Hydrogenases: Their Catalytic Activity, Structure, and Function. Erich Goltze KG, Gttingen, W Germany Schlegel H.G., Schneider G.1978353369
11. Bothe H., Eisbrenner G.,"The hydrogenase-nitrogenase relationship in nitrogen-fixing organisms"Biology of Inorganic Nitrogen and Sulfur. Bothe H., Trebst A.SpringerVerlagBerlin, Heidelberg, New York1981141150
12. Bothe H., Tennigkeit J., Eisbrenner G."The utilization of molecular hydrogen by the blue-green alga Anabaena cylindrica"Arch. Microbiol.1977Vol 1144349
13. Brewin N.J., DeJong T.M., Phillips D.A., Johnston A.W.B."Co-transfer of determinants for hydrogenase activity and nodulation ability in Rhizobium leguminosarum"Nature1980Vol 2887779
14. Bulen W.A., Burns R.C., LeComte J.R."Nitrogen fixation: hydrosulfite as electron donor with cell-free preparations of Azotobacter vinelandii, Rhodospirittum rubrum"Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.1965Vol 53532539
15. Bulen W.A., LeComte J.R."The nitrogenase system from Azotobacter"Two-enzyme requirement for N2 reduction, ATP-dependent H2 evolution and ATP hydrolysis. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.1966Vol 56979986
16. Cantrell M.A., Hickok R.E., Evans H.J."Identification and characterization of Plasmids in hydrogen uptake positive and hydrogen uptake negative strains of Rhizobium japonicum"Arch. Microbiol.1982Vol 131102106
17. Carter K.R., Jennings N.T., Hanus J., Evans H.J."Hydrogen evolution and uptake by nodules of soybeans inoculated with different strains of Rhizobium japonicum"Can. J. Microbiol.1978Vol 24307311
18. Currier T.C., Nester E.W."Isolation of covalently closed circular DNA of high molecular weight from bacteria."Anal. Biochem.1976Vol 76431441
19. Daniel R.M."The occurrence and role of ubiquinone in electron transport to oxygen and nitrate in aerobically, anaerobically and symbiotically grown R. japonicum"J. Gen. Microbiol.1979Vol 110333337
20. Dart P.J., Day J.M."Effects of incubation, temperature and oxygen tension on nitrogenase activity of legume root nodules. Plant Soil (special vol.):"1971167184
21. Davis L.C., Shah V.K., Brill W.J."Nitrogenase VII."Effect of component ratios, ATP and H2 on distribution of electrons to alternate substrates. Biochim. Biophys. Acta1975Vol 4036779
22. Dilworth M.J.,"Host and Rhizobium contributions to the physiology of legumes nodules."Nitrogen Fixation Newton W.E., Orme-Johnson W.H.University Park PressBaltimore1980Vol II331
23. Dixon R.O.D."Hydrogenase in pea root nodule bacteroids."Arch. Mikrobiol.1968Vol 62272283
24. Dixon R.O.D."Hydrogenase in legume root nodule bacteroids: occurrence and properties."Arch. Mikrobiol.1972Vol 85193201
25. Dixon R.O.D."Nitrogenase-hydrogenase interrelationships in rhizobia."Biochimie1978Vol 60233236
26. Eisbrenner G., Bothe H."Modes of electron transfer from molecular hydrogen in Anabaena cylindrica"Arch. Microbiol.1979Vol 1233746
27. Eisbrenner G., Distier E., Floener L., Bothe H."The occurrence of the hydrogenase in some blue-green algae."Arch. Microbiol.1978Vol 118177184
28. Eisbrenner G., Evans H.J."Carriers in the electron transport from molecular hydrogen to oxygen in Rhizobium japonicum bacteroids."J. Bacteriol.1982Vol 14910051012
29. Eisbrenner G., Roos P., Bothe H."The number of hydrogenases in cyanobacteria."J. Gen. Microbiol.1981Vol 125383390
30. Emerich D.W., Albrecht S.L., Russell S.A., Ching T.M., Evans H.J."Oxyleghemoglobin-mediated H2 oxidation by R. japonicum USDA 122 DES bacteroids"Plant Physiol.1980aVol 65605609
31. Emerich D.W., Ruiz-Argeso T., Ching T.M., Evans H.J."Hydrogen-dependent nitrogenase activity and ATP formation in R. japonicum bacteroids"J. Bacteriol.1979Vol 137153160
32. Emerich D.W., Ruiz-Argeso T., Russell S.A., Evans H.J."Investigation of H2 oxidation system in Rhizobium japonicum 122 DES nodule bacteroids."Plant Physiol.1980bVol 6610611066
33. Evans H.J., Emerich D.W., Lepo J.E., Maier R.J., Carter K.R., Hanus F.J., Russell S.A.,"The role of hydrogenase in nodule bacteroids and free-living rhizobia"International Symposium on Nitrogen Fixation (sponsored by the Phytochemical Society of Europe). Academic Press Stewart W.D.P., Gallon J.R.1980a5581
34. Evans H.J., Emerich D.W., Ruiz-Argeso T., Albrecht S.L., Maier R.J., Simpson F.B., Russell S.A.,"Hydrogen metabolism in legume nodules and rhizobia: some recent developments"Hydrogenases: Their Catalytic Activity, Structure and Function. Erich Gltze KG, Gttingen, W Germany. Schlegel H.G., Schneider K.1978
35. Evans H.J., Emerich D.W., Ruiz-Argeso T., Maier R.J., Albrecht S.L.,"Hydrogen metabolism in the legame-Rhizobium symbiosis."Nitrogen Fixation, Vol. II. Newton W.E., Orme-Johnson W.H.University Park PressBaltimore1980b6986
36. Evans H.J., Purohit K., Cantrell M.A., Eisbrenner G., Russell S.A., Hanus F.J., Lepo J.E.,"Hydrogen losses and hydrogenases in nitrogen-fixing organisms"Current Perspectives in Nitrogen Fixation. Australian Academy of Science, Canberra Gibson A.H., Newton W.E.19818496
37. Fred E.B., Baldwin I.L., McCoy E."Root nodule bacteria and leguminous plants. University of Wisconsin Studies, Science No. 5."19321342
38. Gibson A.H., Dreyfus B.L., Lawn R.L., Sprent J.I., Turner G.L.,"Host and environmental factors affecting hydrogen evolution and uptake"Current Perspectives in Nitrogen Fixation. Australian Academy of Science, Canberra Gibson A.H., Newton W.E.1981373
39. Hageman R.V., Burris R.H."Kinetic studies on electron transfer and interaction between nitrogenase components from Azotobacter vinelandii"Biochemistry1978aVol 1741174124
40. Hageman R.V., Burris R.H."Nitrogenase and nitrogenase reductase associate and dissociate with each catalytic cycle."Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.1978bVol 7526992702
41. Hageman R.V., Burris R.H."Changes in the EPR signal of dinitrogenase from Azotobacter vinelandii during the lag period before hydrogen evolution begins."J. Biol. Chem.1979Vol 2541118911192
42. Hanus F.J., Albrecht S.L., Zablotowicz R.M., Emerich D.W., Russell S.A., Evans H.J."The effect of the hydrogenase system in Rhizobium japonicum on the nitrogen content and yield of soybean seed in field experiments."Agron. J.1981Vol 73368372
43. Hanus F.J., Maier R.J., Evans H.J."Autotrophic growth of H2 -uptake positive strains of R. japonicum in an atmosphere supplied with hydrogen gas"Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.1979Vol 7617881792
44. Hardy R.F., Havelka M.D."Nitrogen fixation research: a key to world food."Science1975Vol 188633643
45. Hickok R.E."Electron transport pathways in revertible hydrogen-uptake negative mutants and parent strata of Rhizobium japonicum"Oregon State UniversityCorvallis1981M.Sc. thesis, Oregon
46. Hyndman L.A., Burris R.H., Wilson P.W."Properties of hydrogenase from Azotobacter vinelandii. J"Bacteriol.1953Vol 65522531
47. Layzell D.B., Rainbird R.M., Atkins C.A., Pate J.S."Economy of photosynthate use in nitrogen-fixing legume nodules."Plant Physiol.1979Vol 64888891
48. Lepo J.E., Hanus F.J., Evans H.J."Further studies on the chemoautotrophic growth of hydrogen uptake positive strains of R. japonicum"J. Bacteriol.1980Vol 141664670
49. Lepo J.E., Hickok R.E., Russell S.A., Evans H.J."Revertible hydrogen-uptake deficient mutants of Rhizobium japonicum"J. Bacteriol.1981Vol 146614620
50. Ljones T., Burns R.H."ATP hydrolysis and electron transfer in the nitrogenase reaction with different combinations of the iron protein and the molybdenum-iron protein."Biochim. Biophys. Acta1972Vol 27593101
51. Maier R.J."Rhizobium japonicum mutant strains unable to grow chemoautotrophically."J. Bacteriol.1981Vol 145533540
52. Maier R.J., Postgate J.R., Evans H.J."Mutants of R. japonicum unable to utilize hydrogen"Nature1978Vol 276494495
53. McCrae R.E., Hanus J., Evans H.J."Properties of the hydrogenase system in Rhizobium japonicum bacteroid."Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.1978Vol 80384390
54. Meyers J.A., Sanchez D., Elwell L.P., Falkow S."Simple agarose gel electrophoretic method for the identification and characterization of plasmid deoxyribonucleic acid."J. Bacteriol.1976Vol 12715291537
55. Minchin F.R., Pate J.S."The carbon balance of a legume and the functional economy of its root nodules."J. Exp. Bot.1973Vol 24259271
56. O'Gara F., Hynes T.,"Regulation of CO2 and H2 metabolism in root nodule bacteria."Current Perspectives in Nitrogen Fixation. Australian Academy of Science, Canberra, p. 380. Gibson A.H., Newton W.E.1981
57. Peterson R.B., Burris R.H."Hydrogen metabolism in isolated heterocysts of Anabaena 7120."Arch. Microbiol.1978Vol 116125132
58. Phillips D.A."Efficiency of symbiotic nitrogen fixation in legumes."Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol.1980Vol 312949
59. Poole R.K., Haddock B.A."Dibromothymoquinone: an inhibitor of aerobic electron transport at the level of ubiquinone in Escherichia coli"FEBS Letters1975Vol 521316
60. Rainbird R.M., Atkins C.A., Pate J.S.,"Significance of hydrogen evolution in the carbon economy of nodulated cowpea"Current Perspectives in Nitrogen Fixation. Australian Academy of Science, Canberra Gibson A.H., Newton W.E.1981376
61. Ruiz-Argeso T., Cabrera E., de Bertalmio M.B."Selection of symbiotically energy efficient strains of Rhizobium japonicum by their ability to induce an H2 uptake hydrogenase in the free-living state."Arch. Microbiol.1981Vol 128275279
62. Ruiz-Argeso T., Hanus J., Evans H.J."Hydrogen production and uptake by pea nodules as affected by strains of Rhizobium leguminosarum"Arch. Microbiol.1978Vol 116113118
63. Ruiz-Argeso T., Emerich D.W., Evans H.J."Characteristics of the hydrogen oxidizing system in soybean nodules bacteroids."Arch. Microbiol.1979aVol 121199206
64. Ruiz-Argeso T., Maier R.J., Evans H.J."Hydrogen evolution from alfalfa and clover nodules and hydrogen uptake by free-living R. meliloti"Appl. Environ. Microbiol.1979bVol 37582587
65. Ryle G.J.A., Powell C.E., Gordon A.J."Respiratory costs of nitrogen fixation in soyabean, cowpea and white clover."2. Comparisons of the cost of nitrogen fixation and the utilization of combined nitrogen. J. Exp. Bot.1979Vol 30145154
66. Schlegel H.G."The physiology of hydrogen bacteria."Antonie van Leeuwenhoek1976Vol 42181201
67. Schubert K.R., Engelke J.A., Russell S.A., Evans H.J."Hydrogen reactions of nodulated leguminous plants I: effect of rhizobial strain and plant age."Plant Physiol.1977Vol 60651654
68. Schubert K.R., Evans H.J."Hydrogen evolution: a major factor affecting the efficiency of nitrogen fixation in nodulated symbionts."Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.1976Vol 7312071211
69. Schubert K.R., Jennings N.T., Evans H.J."Hydrogen reactions of nodulated leguminous plants II: effects on yield and nitrogen fixation."Plant Physiol.1978Vol 61398401
70. Silverstein R., Bulen W.A."Kinetic studies of the nitrogen-catalyzed hydrogen evolution and nitrogen reduction reactions."Biochemistry1970Vol 938093815
71. Walker C.C., Yates M.G."The hydrogen cycle in nitrogen-fixing Azotobacter chroococcum"Biochimie1978Vol 60225231
72. van der Werf A.N., Yates M.G.,"Hydrogenase from nitrogen-fixing Azotobacter chroococcum."Hydrogenases: Their Catalytic Activity, Structure, and Function. Erich Gltze KG, Gttingen, W Germany Schlegel H.G., Schneider K.1978307326
73. Winter H.C., Burris R.H."Nitrogenase."Ann. Rev. Biochem.1976Vol 45409426
74. Yates M.G."Biochemistry of nitrogen fixation"Biochemistry of PlantsAcademic Press1980Vol 5163
75. Yates M.G., Partridge C.D.P., Walker C.C., van der Werf A.N., Campbell F.O., Postgate J.R.,"Recent research in the physiology of heterotrophic, non-symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacteria"Nitrogen Fixation. Academic Press Stewart W.D.P., Gallon J.R.1980161176
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1080/0021213x.1982.10676931
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1080/0021213x.1982.10676931
1982-05-13
2018-06-24

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Israel Journal of Plant Sciences — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation