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image of Israel Journal of Plant Sciences

A hormonal mutant of common wheat which is characterized, under certain environmental conditions, by a high percentage of stunted plants was inoculated with a mixture of bacteria of the genus Azospirillum. The inoculation resulted in a reduced number of stunted plants and a significant increase in yield in those plants that escaped stunting and developed normally. The possibility that these changes reflect an improvement in the hormonal balance of the inoculated plants rather than the contribution of fixed nitrogen has been suggested.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Plant Genetics, The Weizmann Institute of Science


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1. Atsmon D., Jacobs E."A newly bred Gigas form of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)."Morphological features and thermophotoperiodic responses. Crop Sci.1977Vol 173135
2. Avivi Y., Feldman M."The response of wheat to bacteria of the genus Azospirillum"Isr. J. Bot.1982Vol 31237245
3. Baltensperger A.A., Schank S.C., Smith R.I., Littell R.C., Bouton J.H., Dudeck A.E."Effect of inoculation with Azospirillum, Azotobacter on turf-type bermuda genotypes."Crop Sci.1979Vol 1810431045
4. Brown M.E."Role of Azotobacter paspali in association with Paspalum notatum"J. Appl. Bacteriol.1976Vol 40341348
5. Inbal E."Physiological, genetical and morphological aspects of stunting in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Ph.D. thesis, submitted to the Feinberg Graduate School, The Weizmann Institute of Science."1982
6. Kapulnik Y., Sarig S., Nur I., Okon Y., Kigel J., Henis Y."Yield increases in summer cereal crops of Israel in fields inoculated with Azospirillum"Exp. Agric.1981Vol 17179187
7. Neyra C.A., Dbereiner J."Nitrogen fixation in grasses."Adv. Agron.1977Vol 29138
8. Smith R.L., Bouton J.H., Schank S.C., Quesenberry K.H., Tyler M.E., Milam J.R., Gaskins M.H., Littell R.C."Nitrogen fixation in grasses inoculated with Spirillum lipoferum"Science1976Vol 19310031005
9. Smith R.L., Schank S.C., Bouton J.H., Quesenberry K.H."Yield increases of tropical grasses after inoculation with Spirillum lipoferum"Environmental role of nitrogen-fixing blue-green algae and asymbiotic bacteria. Ecol. Bull.1978Vol 26380385
10. Taylor R.W."Response of two grasses to inoculation with Azospirillum spp. in Bahamian soil"Trop. Agric.1979Vol 56361365
11. Tien T.M."Plant growth substances produced by Azospirillum brasilense and their effects on plant growth. Dissertation presented in partial fulfillment of requirements for Ph.D., Univ. of Florida."1980
12. Tien T.M., Gaskins M.H., Hubbell D.H."Plant growth substances produced by Azospirillum brasilense and their effect on the growth of pearl millet (Pennisetum americanum L.)."Appl. Environ. Microbiol.1979Vol 3710161024

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