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image of Israel Journal of Plant Sciences

Culture of fruit from explants grown in isolated in vitro systems gives information about the role of the different factors involved in fruit development. The present investigation refers to several attempts made to culture fertilized tomato ovaries in in vitro systems into fully developed fruits. Fruitlets with peduncle and with or without a piece of cluster-stalk and/or a piece of the main stem were cultured in closed and open in vitro systems. From these experiments, it was concluded that no exogenous growth regulators are required in order to ensure normal growth and development in vitro. On the contrary, carbohydrate and water supplies are crucial for these processes. So far the bottleneck in the in vitro culture of fertilized ovaries has been represented by the limited possibilities to feed sufficient amounts of carbohydrates into the fruit. This problem has been successfully dealt with by the development of an open culture system ensuring a continuous uptake of nutrients.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Plant Physiology, Arboretumlaan 4, Wageningen Agricultural University


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