Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

EFFECTS OF TEMPERATURE ON THE FLOWERING OF THE SAFFRON CROCUS (CROCUS SATIVUS L.): INDUCTION OF HYSTERANTHY

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Israel Journal of Plant Sciences

The saffron crocus (Crocus sativus L.), a sterile geophyte propagated by annual replacement corms, is cultivated for its red stigmatic lobes that constitute, after drying, the spice saffron. C. sativus is a subhysteranthous species, i.e., it blooms in autumn shortly after planting, before, concomitantly with, or after leaf appearance. The remainder of its growing season consists of initiation, filling up, and maturation of the daughter corms at the beginning of summer. In the countries where saffron crocus is grown, cultivation is still performed by traditional methods: corm planting, flower harvesting, stigma separation, and corm lifting are carried out manually. These labour-consuming practices greatly contribute to the high price of the spice. The study of the physiological background of the developmental processes in C. sativus was aimed at improving the cultivation methods. It is demonstrated that a controlled temperature regime during corm storage affects flowering and production of daughter corms. Moreover, the combination of corm storage and planting under controlled environmental conditions is shown to promote the hyster-anthous behaviour of the saffron crocus. The application of these methods might make it possible to replace manual picking by mechanical flower harvesting.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Agricultural Botany ; 2: Department of Agricultural Botany and Otto Warburg Center for Biotechnology in Agriculture, Faculty of Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem ; 3: Department of Food Science, Agricultural Research Organization

10.1080/0021213X.1989.10677106
/content/journals/10.1080/0021213x.1989.10677106
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1080/0021213x.1989.10677106
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Allan E.J., Fowler M.W."Biologically active plant secondary metabolitesprospective for the future."Chem. Ind. (London)1985Vol 17408410
2. Basker D., Negbi M."The uses of saffron."Econ. Bot.1983Vol 37228236
3. Basker D., Negbi M."Crocetin equivalent of saffron extracts."Comparison of three extraction methods. J. Assoc. Public. Anal.1985Vol 236569
4. Boeken B., Gutterman Y.,"The effects of temperature in different habitats on flowering time of Sternbergia clusiana in the Negev Desert."Environment and Ecosystem Stability. Dubinsky Z., Steinberger Y.Bar-Ilan University PressRamat-Gan, Israel1986Vol 3A/B151158
5. Dafni A., Shmida A., Avishai M."Leafless autumnal-flowering geophytes in the Mediterranean regionphytogeographical, ecological and evolutionary aspects."Plant Syst. Evol.1981Vol 137181193
6. Dafni A., Werker E."Pollination ecology of Sternbergia clusiana (Ker-Gawler) Spreng."(Amaiyllidaceae). New Phytol.1982Vol 91571577
7. Dagan B.1980Cultivation of the saffron crocuses C. sativus and C. cashmirianus. M.Sc. thesis. Faculty of Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot (in Hebrew with English summary)
8. Douskos I.,"The crocuses of Santorini"Thera and the Aegean World. Dumas C.1980Vol 2140146Thera and the Aegean World, London
9. Dror A."The control of flowering and vegetative reproduction of the saffron crocus (Crocus sativus). M.Sc. thesis. Faculty of Agriculture, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot (in Hebrew with English summary)."1983
10. Gerard J."The Herball or General Historie of Plants."DoverNew York1633Very Much Enlarged and Amended by Thomas Johnson Citizen and Apothecarye of London. Adam Islip, Joice Norton and Richard Whitakers, London. Reprint edition 1975
11. Gutterman Y., Boeken B."Daylength and temperature affecting flowering of Colchicum tunicatum, a geophyte with hysteranthous leaves, in the Negev Desert highlands."Flowering Newsl.1986Vol 2811
12. Gutterman Y., Boeken B."Flowering affected by daylength and temperature in the leafless flowering desert Colchicum tunicatum, its annual life cycle and vegetative propagation. Bot Gaz. (in press)."1988
13. Hartsema A.M.,"Influence of temperature on flower formation and flowering of bulbous and tuberous plants"Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology. Ruhland W.Springer-VerlagBerlin1961Vol 16123167
14. Himeno H., Sano K."Synthesis of crocin, picrocrocin and safranal by saffron stigmalike structure proliferated in vitro."Agric. Biol. Chem.1987Vol 5123952400
15. Mathew B.F.,"Crocus L."Flora Europaea. Tutin T.G.Cambridge University PressCambridge1980Vol 59299
16. Mathew B."The Crocuses."BatsfordLondon1982B.T
17. Negbi M."Theophrastus on geophytes. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. (in press)."1989
18. Plessner O."Environmental, hormonal and ontogenetic factors affecting corm development processes in Crocus sativus. Ph.D. thesis, submitted to the Senate of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (in Hebrew with English abstract."1987
19. Pliny"Natural History. English translation by W.H.S. Jones"William HeinemannLondon1951Vol 6182187(Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts (=NH XXI: 3134)
20. Rees A.R."The Growth of Bulbs."Academic PressLondon and New York1972
21. Rees A.R.,"Ornamental bulbous plants"Handbook of Flowering. Halevy A.H.CRC PressBoca Raton, Florida1985Vol 1259267
22. Sano K., Himeno H."In vitro proliferation of saffron (Crocus sativus L.) stigma."Plant Cell, Tissue Organ Culture1987Vol 11159166
23. Tammaro F., Di Francesco L."Lo Zafferano de l'Aquila. Istituto di Tecnica e Propaganda Agraria, L'Aquila (?.)."1978
24. TheophrastusWilliam HeinemannLondon1926Vol 24345(Enquiry into Plants. English translation by Sir Arthur Hort.; Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts (=HP 6.6.10)
25. Warburg E.F."Crocuses."Endeavour1957Vol 16209216
26. Wilkins H.F.,"Crocus vernus, Crocus sativus."Handbook of Flowering. Halevy A.H.CRC PressBoca Raton, Florida1985Vol 2350355
27. Zohary M."A New Analytical Flora of Israel. Am Oved, Tel Aviv (in Hebrew)."1985
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1080/0021213x.1989.10677106
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1080/0021213x.1989.10677106
1989-05-13
2018-09-24

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Israel Journal of Plant Sciences — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation