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image of Israel Journal of Plant Sciences

Fragrances (volatiles) from whole flowers, petals, sepals plus gynoecium, anthers, and pollen were collected from Rosa rugosa Thunb. by headspace adsorption methods and analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Each flower part showed a distinctive volatile profile. Petal volatiles, dominated by terpenoid and benzenoid alcohols, contributed most to the whole-flower fragrance. Sepal odors contained mainly sesquiterpenes, together with several compounds found in the petals. The major volatiles in the androecium were more diverse and overall different from the perianth. Empty anthers shared a high proportion of their volatile profile with pollen. Pollen odor appeared to be self-contained, showing only minor adsorption of volatiles from sepals and petals. Compounds typical of the androecium were present as significant, albeit quantitatively small, components of the whole-flower fragrance, where they may well function as signals to pollen-seeking insects.

Affiliations: 1: Ecological Research Station of Uppsala University ; 2: Department of Chemical Ecology, Göteborg University


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