Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Iris atrofusca genetic and phenotypic variation, the role of habitat-specific selection in this variation structuring, and conservation implications using quasi in situ guidelines

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Israel Journal of Plant Sciences

Knowing the extent and structure of genetic variation in an endangered species is essential for establishing efficient conservation practices. However, the proper use of this information requires understanding the role of habitat-specific selection in genetic structuring. We present a study of population differentiation in an endangered species that utilizes guidelines of recently a proposed quasi in situ conservation approach, i.e. taking into account the scale and spatial pattern of local adaptation since if local adaptation is important, the introduced genotypes must be matched to the local biotic/abiotic conditions. Following this approach, we examined the extent and structure of genetic (AFLP) and phenotypic variation and tested for adaptive significance of this variation in critically endangered Iris atrofusca growing in Israel and Jordan. From these results we propose a sampling design that would (i) preserve species adaptive potential and (ii) insure environmental match of the plant material for relocation, reintroduction or enhancement.

Affiliations: 1: Key Laboratory for Plant Diversity and Biogeography of East Asia, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China ; 2: Life Science Department, Yunnan Normal University, Kunming, China ; 3: Geography Department, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel ; 4: En Gedi Nature Reserve, Israel Nature and Parks Authority, Dead Sea, Israel


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Arafeh RMH,, Sapir Y,, Shmida A,, Iraki N,, Fragman O,, Comes HP. 2002. "Patterns of genetic and phenotypic variation in Iris haynei and I. atrofusca (Iris sect. Oncocyclus = the royal irises) along an ecogeographical gradient in Israel and the West Bank". Mol Ecol. Vol 11:3953. [Crossref]
2. Avise JC,, Hamrick JL. 1996. Conservation genetics: case histories from nature. New York, NY: Chapman and Hall.
3. Avishai M,, Zohary D. 1980. "Genetic affinities among the Oncocyclus irises". Bot Gaz. Vol 141:107115. [Crossref]
4. Doyle JJ. 1990. "Isolation of plant DNA from fresh tissue". Focus. Vol 12:1315.
5. Excoffier L,, Laval G,, Schneider S. 2005. "Arlequin (version 3.0): an integrated software package for population genetics data analysis". Evol Bioinform Online. Vol 1:4750.
6. Hamrick JL. 1983. "The distribution of genetic variation within and among natural plant populations". In: Genetics and conservation. Menlo Park, CA: Benjamin/Cummings; p. 335348.
7. Hamrick JL,, Godt MJW,. 1996a. "Conservation genetics of endemic plant species". In: Avise JC,, Hamrick JL, editors. Conservation genetics: case histories from nature. New York: Chapman and Hall; p. 281304.
8. Hamrick JL,, Godt MJW. 1996b. "Effects of life history traits on genetic diversity in plant species". Phil Trans R Soc Lond B. Vol 351:12911298. [Crossref]
9. Hedrick PW. 2001. "Conservation genetics: where are we now?" Trends Ecol Evol. Vol 16:629636. [Crossref]
10. Hedrick PW,, Miller PS. 1992. "Conservation genetics: techniques and fundamentals". Ecol Applic. Vol 2:3046. [Crossref]
11. Hufford KM,, Mazer SJ. 2003. "Plant ecotypes: genetic differentiation in the age of ecological restoration". Trends Ecol Evol. Vol 18:147155. [Crossref]
12. Hunter ML. 1996. Fundamentals of conservation biology. London: Blackwell Sciences.
13. Johnston JA,, Grise DJ,, Donovan LA,, Arnold ML. 2001. "Environment-dependent performance and fitness of Iris brevicaulis, I. fulva (Iridaceae), and hybrids". Amer J Bot. Vol 88:933938. [Crossref]
14. Levin DA. 2000. The origin, expansion, and demise of plant species. New York: Oxford University Press.
15. Nei M. 1973. "Analysis of gene diversity in subdivided populations". Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. Vol 70:33213323. [Crossref]
16. Nybom H. 2004. "Comparison of different nuclear DNA markers for estimating intraspecific genetic diversity in plants". Mol Ecol. Vol 13:11431155. [Crossref]
17. Peakall R,, Smouse PE. 2006. "GENALEX 6: genetic analysis in Excel. Population genetic software for teaching and research". Mol Ecol Notes. Vol 6:288295. [Crossref]
18. Pertoldi C,, Bijlsma R,, Loeschcke V. 2007. "Conservation genetics in a globally changing environment: present problems, paradoxes and future challenges". Biodiver Conserv. Vol 16:41474163. [Crossref]
19. Sapir Y,, Shmida A,, Fragman O,, Comes HP. 2002. "Morphological variation of the Oncocyclus irises (Iris: Iridaceae) in the southern Levant". Bot J Linn Soc. Vol 139:369382. [Crossref]
20. Sapir Y,, Shmida A,, Ne'eman G. 2005. "Pollination of the Oncocyclus irises (Iris: Iridaceae) by night-sheltering male bees". Plant Biol. Vol 7:417424. [Crossref]
21. Schaal BA,, Leverich WJ,, Rogstad SH. 1991. "Comparison of methods for assessing genetic variation in plant conservation biology". In: Genetics and conservation of rare plants. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; p. 123134.
22. Shmida A,, Pollak G. 2007. Red data book: endangered plants of Israel: Israel Nature and Parks Authority.
23. StatSoft Inc. 2004. STATISTICA (data analysis software system), version 7.
24. Taylor SJ,, Willard RW,, Shaw JP,, Dobson MC,, Martin NH. 2011. "Differential response of the homoploid hybrid species Iris nelsonii (Iridaceae) and its progenitors to abiotic habitat conditions". Amer J Bot. Vol 98:13091316. [Crossref]
25. Volis S,, Blecher M. 2010. "Quasi in situ – a bridge between ex situ and in situ conservation of plants". Biodiver Conserv. Vol 19:24412454. [Crossref]
26. Volis S,, Blecher M,, Sapir Y. 2007. "Iris atrofusca of the northern Negev: population differences and creation of in situ gene banks". Research report. Beer Sheva: Ben-Gurion University of the Negev .
27. Volis S,, Blecher M,, Sapir Y. 2010. "Application of complex conservation strategy to Iris atrofusca of the northern Negev, Israel". Biodiver Conserv. Vol 19:31573169. [Crossref]
28. Vos P,, Hogers R,, Bleeker M,, Reijans M,, van de Lee T,, Hornes M,, Frijters A,, Pot J,, Peleman J,, Kuiper M, et al. 1995. "AFLP: a new technique for DNA fingerprinting". Nucleic Acids Res. Vol 23:44074414. [Crossref]
29. Woodruff DS. 2001. "Populations, species and conservation genetics". In: Encyclopedia of biodiversity. Vol. Vol 4. London: Academic Press.
30. Wróblewska A,, Brzosko E,, Carnecka B,, Nowosielski J. 2003. "High level of genetic diversity in populations of Iris aphylla L. (Iridaceae), an endangered species in Poland". Bot J Linn Soc. Vol 142:6572. [Crossref]
31. Yeh FC,, Rong-Cai Y,, Boyle T. 1998. POPGENE version 1.31. Edmonton, Alberta, Canada: University of Alberta, Center for International Forestry Research.

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Israel Journal of Plant Sciences — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation