Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Phylogenetic structure of annual plant communities along an aridity gradient. Interacting effects of habitat filtering and shifting plant–plant interactions

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Israel Journal of Plant Sciences

ABSTRACTThe phylogenetic structure of communities (PSC) reveals how evolutionary history affects community assembly processes. However, there are important knowledge gaps on PSC patterns for annual communities and there is a need for studies along environmental gradients in dry ecosystems where several processes shape PSC.Here, we investigated the PSC of annual plants along an aridity gradient in Israel, including eight years, two spatial scales, the effects of shrubs on understory, and the phylogenetic signal of important traits. Increasing drought stress led to overdispersed PSC at the drier end of the gradient, indicating that species were less related than expected by chance. This was supported at a smaller spatial scale, where within the drier sites, communities in open – more arid – habitats were more overdispersed than those under nurse shrubs. Interestingly, some key traits related to drought resistance were not conserved in the phylogeny. Together, our findings suggested that while habitat filtering selected for drought resistance strategies, these strategies evolved independently along multiple contrasting evolutionary lineages. Our comprehensive PSC study provides strong evidence for the interacting effects of habitat filtering and plant–plant interactions, particularly highlighting that the conservative evolution of traits should not be assumed in future interpretations of PSC patterns.

Affiliations: 1: Escuela Superior de Ciencias Experimentales y Tecnología. Universidad Rey Juan Carlos ; 2: Plant Ecology Group. Institute of Ecology and Evolution, University of Tübingen ; 3: Plant Ecology and Nature Conservation Group, University of Potsdam


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Allan E,, Jenkins T,, Fergus AJF,, Roscher C,, Fischer M,, Petermann J,, Weisser WW,, Schmid B. 2013. "Experimental plant communities develop phylogenetically overdispersed abundance distributions during assembly". Ecology. Vol 94:465477. [Crossref]
2. Al-Mufti MM,, Sydes CL,, Furness SB,, Grime JP,, Band SR. 1977. "Quantitative analysis of shoot phenology and dominance in herbaceous vegetation". J Ecol. Vol 65:759791. [Crossref]
3. Angiosperm Phylogeny Group III. 2009. "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Bot J Linn Soc. Vol 161:105121. [Crossref]
4. Bell CD,, Soltis DE,, Soltis PS. 2010. "The age and diversification of the angiosperms re-revisited". Am J Bot. Vol 97:12961303. [Crossref]
5. Bennett JA,, Cahill JF Jr. 2013. "Conservatism of responses to environmental change is rare under natural conditions in a native grassland". Perspect Plant Ecol Evol Syst. Vol 15:328337. [Crossref]
6. Bennett JA,, Lamb JCH,, Cardinal-McTeague WM,, Cahill JF Jr. 2013. "Increased competition does not lead to increased phylogenetic overdispersion in a native grassland". Ecol Lett. Vol 16:11681176. [Crossref]
7. Bertness MD,, Callaway RM. 1994. "Positive interactions in communities". Trends Ecol Evol. Vol 9:191193. [Crossref]
8. Bilton MC,, Metz J,, Tielbörger K. 2016. "Climatic niche groups: A novel application of a common assumption predicting plant community response to climate change". Perspect Plant Ecol Evol Syst. Vol 19:6169. [Crossref]
9. Blomberg SP,, Garland T Jr,, Ives AR. 2003. "Testing for phylogenetic signal in comparative data: behavioral traits are more labile". Evolution. Vol 57:717745. [Crossref]
10. Brooker RW,, Maestre FT,, Callaway RM,, Lortie CL,, Cavieres LA,, Kunstler G,, Liancourt P,, Tielbörger K,, Travis JMJ,, Anthelme F , et al 2008. "Facilitation in plant communities: the past, the present, and the future". J Ecol Vol 96:1834.
11. Bryant JA,, Lamanna C,, Morlon H,, Kerkhoff AJ,, Enquist BJ,, Gree JL. 2008. "Microbes on mountainsides: contrasting elevational patterns of bacterial and plant diversity". P Ntl Acad Sci USA Vol 105:1150511511. [Crossref]
12. Butterfield BJ,, Cavieres LA,, Callaway RM,, Cook BJ,, Kikvidze Z,, Lortie CJ,, Michalet R,, Pugnaire FI,, Schöb C,, Xiao S , et al 2013. "Alpine cushion plants inhibit the loss of phylogenetic diversity in severe environments". Ecol Lett. Vol 16:478476. [Crossref]
13. Cahill JF Jr,, Kembel SW,, Lamb EG,, Keddy PA. 2008. "Does phylogenetic relatedness influence the strength of competition among vascular plants?" Perspect Plant Ecol Evol Syst. Vol 10:4150. [Crossref]
14. Cavender-Bares J,, Ackerly DD,, Baum DA,, Bazzaz FA. 2004. "Phylogenetic overdispersion in Floridian oak communities". Am Nat. Vol 163:823843. [Crossref]
15. Elias M,, Gompert Z,, Jiggins C,, Willmott K. 2008. "Mutualistic interactions drive ecological niche convergence in a diverse butterfly community". PLoS Biol. Vol 6:e300. [Crossref]
16. Elias M,, Gompert Z,, Willmott K,, Jiggins C. 2009. "Phylogenetic community ecology needs to take positive interactions into account". Commun Integr Biol. Vol 2:14. [Crossref]
17. Ehrman T,, Cocks PS. 1996. "Reproductive patterns in annual legume species on an aridity gradient". Vegetatio. Vol 122:4759. [Crossref]
18. Facelli JM,, Chesson P,, Barnes N. 2005. "Differences in seed biology of annual plants in arid lands: a key ingredient of the storage effect". Ecology Vol 86:29983006. [Crossref]
19. Gerhold P,, Cahill JF Jr,, Winter M,, Bartish IV,, Prinzing A. 2015. "Phylogenetic patterns are not proxies of community assembly mechanisms (they are far better)". Funct Ecol. Vol 29:600614. [Crossref]
20. Godoy O,, Kraft NJB,, Levine JM. 2014. "Phylogenetic relatedness and the determinants of competitive outcomes". Ecol Lett. Vol 17:836844. [Crossref]
21. Graham CH,, Parra JL,, Rahbek C,, McGuire JA. 2009. "Phylogenetic structure in tropical hummingbird communities". P Ntl Acad Sci USA Vol 106:1967319678. [Crossref]
22. Gross N,, Börger L,, Soriano-Morales SI,, Bagousse-Pinguet YL,, Quero JL,, García-Gómez M,, Valencia-Gómez E,, Maestre FT. 2013. "Uncovering multiscale effects of aridity and biotic interactions on the functional structure of Mediterranean shrublands". J Ecol. Vol 101:637–649.
23. Grime JP. 1973. "Control of species density in herbaceous vegetation". J Environ Manage. Vol 1:151167.
24. Grime JP. 2006. "Trait convergence and trait divergence in herbaceous plant communities: mechanisms and consequences". J Veg Sci. Vol 17:255260. [Crossref]
25. Gutterman Y. 2002. "Minireview: survival adaptations and strategies of annuals occurring in the Judean and Negev Deserts of Israel". Israel J Plant Sci. Vol 50:165175. [Crossref]
26. Harel D,, Holzapfel C,, Sternberg M. 2011. "Seed mass and dormancy of annual plant populations and communities decreases with aridity and rainfall predictability". Basic and Appl Ecol. Vol 12:674684. [Crossref]
27. Holzapfel C,, Tielbörger K,, Parag HA,, Kigel J,, Sternberg M. 2006. "Annual plant–shrub interactions along an aridity gradient". Basic Appl Ecol. Vol 7:268279. [Crossref]
28. Kembel SW,, Cowan PD,, Helmus MR,, Cornwell WK,, Morlon H,, Ackerly DD,, Blomberg SP,, Webb CO. 2010. "Picante: R tools for integrating phylogenies and ecology". Bioinformatics. Vol 26:14631464. [Crossref]
29. Kraft NJB,, Cornwell WK,, Webb CO,, Ackerly DD. 2007. "Trait evolution, community assembly, and the phylogenetic structure of ecological communities". Am Nat. Vol 170:271283. [Crossref]
30. Leishman MR,, Wright IJ,, Moles AT,, Westoby M,. 2000. "The evolutionary ecology of seed size". In: Fenner M, editor. Seeds: the ecology of regeneration in plant communities. Wallingford: CAB International, p. 3157.
31. Liancourt P,, Tielbörger K. 2011. "Ecotypic differentiation determines the outcome of positive interactions in a dryland annual plant species". Perspect Plant Ecol Evol Syst. Vol 13:259264. [Crossref]
32. Luzuriaga AL,, Sánchez AM,, Maestre FT,, Escudero A. 2012. "Assemblage of a semi-arid annual plant community: abiotic and biotic filters act hierarchically". PLoS ONE Vol 7:e41270. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0041270 [Crossref]
33. Maestre FT,, Valladares F,, Reynolds JF. 2005. "Is the change of plant-plant interactions with abiotic stress predictable? A meta-analysis of field results in arid environments". J Ecol. Vol 93:748757. [Crossref]
34. May F,, Giladi I,, Ristow M,, Ziv Y,, Jeltsch F. 2013. "Plant functional traits and community assembly along interacting gradients of productivity and fragmentation". Perspect Plant Ecol Evol Syst. Vol 15:304318. [Crossref]
35. Mayfield MM,, Levine JM. 2010. "Opposing effects of competitive exclusion on the phylogenetic structure of communities". Ecol Lett. Vol 13:10851093. [Crossref]
36. Metz J,, Liancourt P,, Kigel J,, Harel D,, Sternberg M,, Tielbörger K. 2010. "Plant survival in relation to seed size along environmental gradients: a long-term study from semi-arid and Mediterranean annual plant communities". J Ecol. Vol 98:697704. [Crossref]
37. Metz J,, Tielbörger K. 2016. "Spatial and temporal aridity gradients provide poor proxies for plant-plant interactions under climate change: a large-scale experiment". Funct Ecol. Vol 30:2029. [Crossref]
38. Michalet R,, Brooker RW,, Cavieres LA,, Kikvidze Z,, Lortie CJ,, Pugnaire FI,, Valiente-Banuet A,, Callaway RM. 2007. "Do biotic interactions shape both sides of the humped-back model of species richness in plant communities?" Ecol Lett. Vol 9:767773.
39. Osem Y,, Perevolotsky A,, Kigel J. 2006. "Size traits and site conditions determine changes in seed bank structure caused by grazing exclusion in semiarid annual plant communities". Ecography. Vol 29:1120. [Crossref]
40. Parra JL,, McGuire JA,, Graham CH. 2010. "Incorporating clade identity in analyses of phylogenetic community ecology: an example with hummingbirds". Am Nat. Vol 176:573587. [Crossref]
41. Pausas JG,, Verdú M. 2010. "The jungle of methods for evaluating phenotypic and phylogenetic structure of communities". BioScience. Vol 60:614625. [Crossref]
42. Philippi T. 1993. "Bet-hedging germination of desert annuals-beyond the first year". Am Nat. Vol 142:474487. [Crossref]
43. Proches S,, Wilson JRU,, Cowling RM. 2006. "How much evolutionary history in a 10 x 10 m plot?" P Roy Soc London B Bio. Vol 273:11431148. [Crossref]
44. Qian H,, Hao Z,, Zhang J. 2014. "Phylogenetic structure and phylogenetic diversity of angiosperm assemblages in forests along an elevational gradient in Changbaishan, China". J Pl Ecol. Vol 7:154165. [Crossref]
45. Schiffers K,, Tielbörger K. 2006. "Ontogenetic shifts in interactions among annual plants". J Ecol Vol 94:336341. [Crossref]
46. Silvertown J,, Dodd M,, Gowing D,, Lawson C,, McConway K. 2006a. "Phylogeny and the hierarchical organization of plant diversity". Ecology. Vol 87:S39S49. [Crossref]
47. Silvertown J,, McConway K,, Gowing D,, Dodd M,, Fay MM,, Joseph JA,, Dolphin K. 2006b. "Absence of phylogenetic signal in the niche structure of meadow plant communities". P Roy Soc London B Bio. Vol 273:3944. [Crossref]
48. Soliveres S,, Torices R,, Maestre FT. 2011. "Evolutionary relationships can be more important than abiotic conditions in predicting the outcome of plant–plant interactions". Oikos. Vol 121:16381648.
49. Soliveres S,, Torices R,, Maestre FT. 2012. "Environmental conditions and biotic interactions acting together promote phylogenetic randomness in semi-arid plant communities: new methods help to avoid misleading conclusions". J Veg Sci. Vol 23:822836. [Crossref]
50. Sternberg M,, Gutman M,, Perevolotsky A,, Kigel J. 2003. "Effects of grazing on soil seed bank dynamics: an approach with functional groups". J Veg Sci. Vol 14:375386. [Crossref]
51. Tielbörger K,, Bilton M,, Metz J,, Kigel J,, Holzapfel K,, Lebrija-Trejos E,, Konsens I,, Parag HA,, Sternberg M. 2014. "Middle-Eastern plant communities tolerate 9 years of drought in a multi-site climate manipulation experiment". Nat Comm. Vol 5:5102. [Crossref]
52. Torices R. 2010. "Adding time-calibrated branch lengths to the Asteraceae supertree". J Syst Evol. Vol 48:271278. [Crossref]
53. Valiente-Banuet A,, Rumebe AV,, Verdu M,, Callaway RM. 2006. "Modern Quaternary Plant Lineages Promote Diversity Through Facilitation of Ancient Tertiary Lineages". P Ntl Acad Sci USA Vol 103:1681216817. [Crossref]
54. Valiente-Banuet A,, Verdú M. 2007. "Facilitation can increase the phylogenetic diversity of plant communities". Ecol Lett. Vol 10:10291036. [Crossref]
55. Valiente-Banuet A,, Verdú M. 2008. "Temporal shifts from facilitation to competition occur between closely related taxa". J Ecol Vol 96: 489494. [Crossref]
56. Valiente-Banuet A,, Verdú M. 2013. "Plant facilitation and phylogenetics". Ann Rev Ecol Evol Syst Vol 44:347366. [Crossref]
57. Vamosi SM,, Heard SB,, Vamosi JC,, Webb CO. 2009. "Emerging patterns in the comparative analysis of phylogenetic community structure". Mol Ecol. Vol 18:572592. [Crossref]
58. Verdú M,, Rey PJ,, Alcántara JM,, Siles G,, Valiente-Banuet A. 2009. "Phylogenetic signatures of facilitation and competition in successional communities". J Ecol. Vol 97:11711180. [Crossref]
59. Venable DL. 2007. "Bet hedging in a guild of desert annuals". Ecology Vol 88:10861090. [Crossref]
60. Webb CO. 2000. "Exploring the phylogenetic structure of ecological communities: an example for rain forest trees". Am Nat. Vol 156:145155. [Crossref]
61. Webb CO,, Ackerly DD,, Kembel SW. 2008. "Phylocom: software for the analysis of phylogenetic community structure and trait evolution". Bioinformatics Vol 24: 20982100. [Crossref]
62. Webb CO,, Ackerly DD,, McPeek MA,, Donohue MA. 2002. "Phylogenies and community ecology". Ann Rev Ecol Syst. Vol 33:475505. [Crossref]
63. Westoby M,, Falster DS,, Moles AT,, Vesk PA,, Wright IJ. 2002. "Plant ecological strategies: some leading dimensions of variation between species". Annu Rev Ecol Syst Vol 33:125159. [Crossref]

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Israel Journal of Plant Sciences — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation