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Zum Gebrauch der samāsopamā bei aśvaghosa

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The use of the samāsopamā in the S. and the B. shows some striking peculiarities: In a large number of occurrences they are connected with the śabdālamkāras anuprāsa and lātānuprāsa. Furthermore, they are often found in close vicinity to each other or occur together with the similes yathā and iva which leads to a certain cumulative effect. Although in many instances the use of the s. in both kāvyas can be described as rather conventional and stereotyped, there are some striking differences between the S. and the Sanskrit text of the B. In the latter kāvya the number of s. of each category is twice or even thrice as large as in the respective categories in the S. Moreover, it can be shown that in the B. Aśvaghosa strives to make use of more ornate and elaborate forms of samāsopamā. Examples are a ślesa-upamā in B. 5,37a, and two compounds in B. 5,26b and d which are at the same time yathāsamkhyas.


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