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Motivation to Work and Recreate: A Comparison of Israeli Kibbutzim and Canada

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The purpose of this study was to compare the motivation to work and to recreate among members of Israeli kibbutzim with that of Canadians. The subjects in the Israeli study were people from English-speaking countries who had migrated to various Israeli kibbutzim. Their motivations were compared with adult Canadians living in urban and suburban environments. It was anticipated that, because personal financial incentives are not present in kibbutzim, extrinsic motivation to work would be less, but that intrinsic incentives would be greater. The results confirmed that extrinsic motivation was lower in the kibbutz and intrinsic motivation was identical to Canadians. At the same time, kibbutz members reported greater feelings of control and pleasure at their jobs. They were also more playful in their leisure and reported greater happiness in recreational activities.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Psychology, York University, North York, M3J 1P3, Ont. Canada


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