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Relieken, Legenden En Poëzie. De Verering Van De Heilige Basilia Bij De Cisterciënzers Van Mariënhaven in Warmond

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image of Nederlands Archief voor Kerkgeschiedenis / Dutch Review of Church History
For more content, see Church History and Religious Culture.

St Basilia is one of the 11.000 Virgins who formed the suite of St Ursula. According to the Life of St Ursula, they were martyred by the Huns in Cologne. St Basilia owes her literary existence to the revelations of Elisabeth of Schönau (1129-64), who attributed names and biographies to several of the human remains discovered in Cologne in the middle of the 12th cent. It was generally assumed that these were the relics of the 11.000 Virgins. The biographical data on St Basilia and her relatives were brought together into a separate Life, closely related to the Life of St Ursula. At the beginning of the 15th cent. the relics of St Basilia were brought from the Cistercian abbey of Camp in the Rhineland to the newly founded abbey of Mariënhaven in Warmond near Leiden. The Life of St Basilia in MS. Paris, B.N. lat. 10886 (Antwerp, 1527) refers explicitly to the relics in Warmond. The same MS. contains carmina about St Basilia by Frederick of Heilo and by an anonymous Dutch poet. These carmina, the Life of St Basilia and its Middle Dutch translation in MS. Leiden, U.L. Ltk 263 (Warmond ?, early 16th-cent.), as well as a letter by the abbot of Camp on the authenticity of the relics of St Basilia, are published for the first time in this article. The edition is preceded by a survey of the development of the legend of St Ursula, and a study of the place of the Life of St Basilia in this development.


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