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Cranial Motor Nerves Innervating Superficial Respiratory Muscles in Carp (Cyprinus Carpio L.)

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image of Netherlands Journal of Zoology
For more content, see Archives Néerlandaises de Zoologie (Vol 1-17) and Animal Biology (Vol 53 and onwards).

The found innervations of the superficial respiratory muscles in carp are very well in accordance with the expected innervations, based on the development of the muscles from the primordial muscle plates of the head. The double innervations recorded for some muscles fit in with the displacement of these muscles from their arch of origin into another arch. The vagal innervation to hyohyoideus superior, an apparently serious deviation, is understandable if the hypothesis on the origin of this muscle, as presented here, proves to be correct.

Affiliations: 1: Zoological Laboratory, University of Groningen, Haren, The Netherlands


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