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Treatments To Eliminate Root-Lesion Nematode (Pratylenchus Thornei Sher & Allen) From a Vertisol

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image of Nematologica
For more content, see Nematology.

Partial sterilization methods to eliminate root-lesion nematode (Pratylenchus thornei Sher & Allen) from a vertisol were investigated. Air-dried soil, with nematodes apparently in a state of anhydrobiosis, was treated with gamma irradiation (5, 7.5, 10 or 20 k Gy), aerated steam (50, 60, 70 or 80°C for 30 minutes), or methyl bromide fumigation, and motile nematodes were extracted in Whitehead trays. Approximately 1 % of P. thornei survived 5 k Gy of gamma irradiation but none survived 7.5 k Gy or more. Approximately 50% and 10% survived 50 and 60°C aerated steam treatment, respectively, but none survived 70 or 80°C or methyl bromide fumigation. P. thomei was no more tolerant of partial sterilization treatments than were saprobic nematodes present in the same soil.

Affiliations: 1: Queensland Wheat Research Institute, Box 2282, Toowoomba, Australia


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