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Capture of Plant-Parasitic Nematodes By an Adhesive Hyphae Forming Isolate of Arthrobotrys Oligospora and Some Other Nematode-Trapping Fungi

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An isolate of Arthrobotrys oligospora (CBS 289.82) which forms adhesive hyphae and an isolate of the spontancous knob-former Monacrosporium cionopagum (CBS 228.52) were shown to be the very effective in capturing Meloidogyne hapla and M. incognita in in vitro tests. Arthrobotrys conoides (CBS 265.83), A. dactyloides (CBS 109.37) and A. scaphoides (CBS 226.52) were intermediate in capturing ability. Capture by A. oligospora (ATCC 24927), A. oligospora (CBS 115.81) and Duddingtonia flagrans (CBS 565.50), which did not form traps spontaneously, did not occur irrespective of the age of the mycelium. However, A. oligospora (CBS 289.82) revealed the ability to attach efficiently to root-knot nematodes; attachment to other species, e.g. Globodera pallida and G. rostochiensis, was very limited. Internal infection with trophic hyphae only occurred after development of ring structures around the nematode body. Capture efficiency and possible mechanisms are discussed.

Affiliations: 1: DLO-Research Institute for Plant Protection (IPO-DLO), P.O. Box 9060, 6700 GW Wageningen, The Netherlands


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