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The Influence of the Host Plant On Lipid Reserves of Globodera Rostochiensis

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Up to 16 fatty acids were detected in total lipids from roots and leaves of two potato cultivars, Désirée and Maris Piper, and one tomato cultivar, Pixie. The fatty acid profiles from roots were similar for all three cultivars and were dominated by C18 : 2 (30-40%) and C 16 : 0 (about 22%). The fatty acid profiles from leaves were similar for all three cultivars and were dominated by C18 : 3 (about 52%). Both root and leaf lipids contained mainly C18 fatty acids. The lipid content found in dry cysts of Globodera rostochiensis rcared on different cultivars was 11.0%, 12.8% and 9.6% for potato cvs Désirée and Foremost and tomato cv. Pixie, respectively. The total lipid comprised 74-82% neutral lipid, 14-19% non-acidic phospholipid and 4-7% free fatty acid in the three samples. Hatched juveniles (J2) from cysts cultured on cvs Désirée and Foremost contained 26.1% and 24.3% lipid, respectively. The total lipid comprised 77% neutral lipid, 17-18% non-acidic phospholipid and 6-7% free fatty acid in the two samples. The fatty acid profiles of the main lipid classes of cysts of G. rostochiensis cultured on the three different cultivars were similar. The fatty acid composition of the main lipid classes of freshly hatched J2 from cysts of G. rostochiensis cultured on the two potato cultivars differed only in their free fatty acid fractions. A comparison of the fatty acid profiles of the total lipid of potato roots, cv. Désirée, and the total lipid of cysts of G. rostochiensis showed major differences. Root fatty acids and nematode fatty acids were 38% and 22% saturated, 10% and 44% monounsaturated and 52% and 35% polyunsaturated, respectively. The fatty acid profile of root lipids was dominated by C16: 0, C18: 2 and C18 : 3 but the nematode lipids consisted of mainly C18: 1, C20: 1 and C20: 4. The differences in the fatty acids of host and nematodes indicate that G. rostochiensis is capable of fatty acid chain elongation and/or desaturation.

Affiliations: 1: )Department of Biology, Imperial College at Silwood Park, Ascot, Berks., SL5 7PY, UK, )Entomology and Nematology Department, IACR-Rothamsted, Harpenden, Herts., AL5 2JQ, UK, ) Centre for Plant Biochemistry & Biotechnology, University of Leeds, Leeds, W. Yorks., LS2 9JT, UK;, Email: bgyrah@leeds.ac.uk; 2: )Department of Biology, Imperial College at Silwood Park, Ascot, Berks., SL5 7PY, UK; 3: )Entomology and Nematology Department, IACR-Rothamsted, Harpenden, Herts., AL5 2JQ, UK

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/content/journals/10.1163/005325998x00045
1998-01-01
2016-12-09

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