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Elevated temperature clears chytrid fungus infections from tadpoles of the midwife toad, Alytes obstetricans

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The amphibian chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) is sensitive to high temperature. Hence, exposing amphibians to high temperature may be a method to clear Bd infection. However, the effect of exposure to elevated temperature has never been tested in larval stages or temperate species. We experimentally exposed tadpoles of the toad Alytes obstetricans to low, medium and high temperatures and found that most, but not all, tadpoles lost the infection when exposed to temperatures higher than 2°C for 5 days. Thus, exposure to elevated temperatures can be used to treat tadpoles against Bd infection.

Affiliations: 1: Institut of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstr. 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland; 2: Institut of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstr. 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland, Center for Social Evolution, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 15, 2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark; 3: Institut of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstr. 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland, KARCH, Passage Maximilien-de-Meuron 6, 2000 Neuchâtel, Switzerland;, Email: benedikt.schmidt@ieu.uzh.ch

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/content/journals/10.1163/017353711x556970
2011-04-01
2016-12-09

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