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On the Question of the Function of Some Buildings on Berezan Island and in Olbia (6th and 5th centuries BC)

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In the second half of the last century in Olbia and on the island of Berezan buildings were discovered in situ, which were linked with the building of temples. Their functional purpose was determined in some cases purely on the basis of the nature of their lay-out (there were two buildings on the island of Berezan with an apse at the end and two structures viewed by those leading the excavations as megara in Olbia) and in others not merely on the basis of their lay-out, but also thanks to the accompanying material (the temples of Apollo Delphinios in the Eastern Temenos and of Apollo the Healer in the Western Temenos at Olbia and also the temple of Aphrodite on the island of Berezan). Among these only two buildings could definitely be identified as temples: the temple of Apollo the Healer in Olbia and that of Aphrodite on the island of Berezan. The definition of the “temple of Apollo Delphinios” of the 5th century BC as a temple is not really reliable and at best one alternative among several. The buildings with apses on the island of Berezan, as far as their lay-out is concerned, could be either religious or civic buildings. As for the two “megaron” structures in Olbia, it is at present not possible to define their type or lay-out satisfactorily, let alone their functional use.

Affiliations: 1: Institute of Archaeology, Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, 12, Geroev Stalingrada, Kiev, 04210, Ukraine;, Email: sdk@svitonline.com

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