Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Playing Red and Playing Blue: The 1990–94 Negotiation Miracle in South Africa

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of International Negotiation

The release of Nelson Mandela from prison was remarkable mostly because of the nonevent it signified: the absence of a bloodbath that had been widely predicted for the country as the apartheid regime grew increasingly tense, cruel and unsustainable. Four years after the release and after a complex series of negotiations between Mandela and President De Klerk, South Africa staged its first one man-one vote election and again, peacefully, a new multiracial South Africa was born. How did this negotiation miracle happen? How were these two very different men, for decades implacable enemies, able to interrupt the cycle of violence and find a mutual solution to the increasingly dire situation in South Africa, one that met each of their interests and identity concerns and that was also built on common ground? Where along the way, in the long prison years before Mandela's release, was the decision reached on both sides to give peace a chance and to take the risk of negotiation? This article makes use of a negotiation game commonly used in negotiation and mediation skills training to analyze the personal dynamics of this particularly important historical negotiation. Drawing on material from unpublished interview sources and biographical and historical texts (as well as negotiation theory on the Prisoners' Dilemma), it seeks to shed new light on the question of what turned the tide and to explore transferable lessons learned from this experience for application to other difficult conflicts, not only in the political arena.

Affiliations: 1: Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Walter Benjamin Platz 5, 10629 Berlin, GERMANY


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    International Negotiation — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation