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Description of one new, and new data on two known, species of Enchodelus Thorne, 1939 (Dorylaimida: Nordiidae) from Iran

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For more content, see Nematologica.

This contribution provides a study of one new and two known species of Enchodelus. Enchodelus sardashtensis sp. n. is characterised by its 1.3-1.5 mm long body, lip region 13-15 μm broad and offset by marked depression, odontostyle 22-27 μm or 1.5-1.8 lip region diam. long, neck 290-310 μm long, pharyngeal expansion 100-110 μm long or 35-38% of total neck length, a dorsal cellular mass (pseudocoelomocyte) present between cardia and proximal end of anterior ovary, uterus tripartite and 95-145 μm long, V = 44-48, female tail rounded conoid (19-23 μm, c = 61-76, c′ = 0.7-0.8) and bearing saccate bodies, and male unknown. This species is close to E. altherri and E. arcticus. Enchodelus groenlandicus and E. longispiculus are recorded for the first time in Iran and in Asia, respectively and compared to other known populations of these species. A molecular characterisation of E. longispiculus is also performed based on ribosomal DNA near-full-length small subunit 18S gene, internal transcribed spacer and partial 5.8S gene. Phylogenetic analysis revealed E. sardahtensis sp. n. and E. longispiculus to be in a monophyletic clade with all other Enchodelus with rounded tail.

Affiliations: 1: College of Agriculture, Plant Pathology Department, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran; 2: Department of Plant Pathology, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA; 3: North Carolina Department of Agriculture, Nematode Assay Section, Raleigh, NC, USA; 4: Departamento de Biología Animal, Vegetal y Ecología, Universidad de Jaén, Campus 'Las Lagunillas' s/n, Edificio B3, 23071 Jaén, Spain


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