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Scripture Citations as an Internal Redactional Control: 1QS 5:1‐20a and Its 4Q Parallels

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This article first deconstructs the internal arguments proposed by Sarianna Metso for the priority of the 4QSb,d textual tradition in relation to 1QS 5:1‐20a. It then constructs its own internal argument for the priority of 4QSb,d on the basis of the scriptural citations present in 1QS 5:1‐20a but absent in 4QSb,d. It is argued that each citation (Zeph 1:6 in 1QS 5:11; Lev 22:16 in 1QS 5:14‐15; Exod 23:7 in 1QS 5:15; Isa 2:22 in 1QS 5:17) is employed with due regard for its original context and is anticipated by key vocabulary that is without parallel in 4QSb,d. The consistency of this redactional pattern suggests the priority of 4QSb,d since it is easier to explain how the unparalleled citations and vocabulary could have been added to the S textual tradition than it is to explain how both the citations and vocabulary could have been eliminated from it.

Affiliations: 1: Loyola University Chicago, Theology Department Crown Center-Floor 3,1032 W. Sheridan Road, Chicago, IL 60660, Email:


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